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Wednesday 24 February 2016


The unabated massacre of Biafrans in the hinterland and environs have now shifted to their brothers in the riverine areas particularly in Rivers state (Igwuocha) where the ceaseless and senseless killing of Biafrans has commenced.
While we were still regaining from the shock in discovering 13 out of 22 murdered and dumped Pro-Biafra protesters with their tied hands and lacerated bodies with gunshot holes found in a borrow pit in Aba, perpetrated by the Nigerian soldiers of 144 Battalion, another round of inhumane and senseless killings of Biafrans has again resurrected during the heavy shooting that greeted the Yeghe community, Gokana Local Government Area of Rivers state on the 22nd of February, 2016.
The Nigerian Army squad in a wild goose chase for Biafrans termed as 'militants', raided the hometown of Solomon Ndigbara, killing and injuring scores of inhabitants of the area which prompted others scampering for safety abandoning their homes and fleeing to the neighbouring communities.
The shooting as was further gathered, also extended to other parts of Ogoni land at Bori, Khana Local Government Area, killing instantly three hapless youths, leaving others seriously wounded as a result of a gun duel that ensued between some armed cultists and the soldiers. This culminated in the untimely demise of a young motorcyclist(popularly known as Okada man) along with two other women who later died in the hospital.
Currently the Bori community is now been turned to a war zone and a 'ghost land' following the deserting of the town by its inhabitants.
The worst is that the men of the Nigerian army that were supposed to protect the people from the armed criminals are the very ones killing them.
While we will continue to harp on these senseless and ceaseless killing of Biafrans occasioned by the heavy presence of armed soldiers of the Nigerian army besieging our communities in the guise of fishing out militants and aggressive clampdowns on Pro-Biafra protesters and activities with excessive and lethal force, we will also continue to mount pressure on the International community and organizations like the United Nations, European Union, Amnesty international, charged with the responsibility of conducting referendum and granting independence to emerging nations to see reasons why the pursuit of self-determination and granting of independence as the only panacea to nipping at the bud or putting to an end these killings and injustices meted out on Biafrans.
It is certain and we are very much aware that the right of nations to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative.
Interpretation of the Charter's norms stated that nations, based on respect for the principle of equal rights and fair equality of opportunity, have the right to freely choose their sovereignty and international political status with no interference.
This principle can be traced to the Atlantic Charter, signed on 14th of August 1941, by Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States of America and Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United kingdom, who pledged the Eight Principal points of the charter. It was also derived from principles espoused by President Woodrow Wilson following World War 1, after which some new nation states were formed, or previous states were revived after the dissolution of empires.
Woodrow Wilson in his famous self-determination speech on 11th of February, 1918 said; "National aspirations must be respected; people may now be dominated and governed only by their own consent. Self-determination is not a mere phrase; it is an imperative principle of action..." By extension the term self-determination has come to mean the free choice of one's own acts without external pressure. It is the right of a cohesive national group or people living in a territory to choose for themselves a form of political and legal organization for that territory.

On the 14th and 15th of December 1960, the United Nations' General Assembly which is the main deliberative organ of the United Nations composing of representatives from member States, adopted United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514 (XV) titled: "Declaration of the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples" which supported granting of independence to colonial countries like the British colonized Nigeria and its people, in providing an inevitable legal linkage between self-determination and its goal of decolonization. It postulated a new international law-based right of freedom.
In 1995, these issues continue to be highly relevant as numerous people around the world, strive for the fulfilment of this basic right of self-determination. On February 7, 1995, the UN General Assembly again adopted a resolution regarding the "Universal realization of the right of peoples to self-determination", in which the General Assembly reaffirms the importance for the effective guarantee and the observance of human right of people to self-determination and welcomes the progressive exercise of the right by people under colonial, foreign or alien occupation and their emergence into sovereign statehood and independence.
The Charter also provided that inadequacy of political, economic, social or educational preparedness(all of which Biafra has in abundance) should never serve as a pretext for delaying independence.
It was also part of the resolution by the General Assembly in 1961 to ensure complete decolonization process in compliance with the principle of self-determination in defining free association with an independent state, integration into an independent state or independence as the three legitimate options of full self-government.
Despite international recognition and acceptance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which guarantees the fundamental rights of all persons in practical fact, the Biafran people's rights remain without specifically designated safeguards.
The Indigenous People of Biafra in general has continued to face serious threats to their basic existence due to systematic government policies against them.
They have been killed, brutalized, incarcerated, tortured and enslaved in their own land for daring to ask for self-determination. They have been the victims of genocide and denial of their right to participate in governing processes of the current state system.
Conquest and colonization have attempted to steal their dignity and identity as Biafrans as well as the fundamental right of self-determination.
The Nigerian government have continued to deny them (the indigenous people), the right to live in and manage their traditional lands, often implementing policies to exploit the lands that have sustained them for centuries before amalgamation and colonialism. They have been deliberately inflicted with conditions of life calculated to bring about physical destruction on them which points to the fact that freedom and independence from their detractors is what is highly needed at this moment for their existence and survival.

Written By  Ucheagu Chukwuemeka 
Edited  By  Ikechukwu nwaorisa

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